Cara Mengetahui Informasi Hardware di Linux

Anda bisa menggunakan tool bernama lshw untuk melihat informasi detail mengenai piranti keras di komputer Linux anda. lshw akan menampilkan detail mengenai memory, versi firmware, konfigurasi main board, versi dan kecepatan CPU, konfigurasi cache, kecepatan bus dan lain sebagainya.

Aplikasi ini bisa dijalankan pada sistem x86 yang mendukung DMI dan IA-64 (Intel 64 bit) serta beberapa mesin PowerPC.

lshw saat ini mendukung DMI (x86 dan IA-64), OpenFirmware device tree (PowerPC), PCI/AGP, CPUID (x86), IDE / ATA / ATAPI, PCMCIA, SCISI dan USB

Jika anda menggunakan CentOS. Aplikasi lshw terdapat didalam repository EPEL. Anda bisa melakukan instalasi dengan menggunakan perintah :

[root@kurungsiku ~]# lshw
-bash: lshw: command not found

[root@kurungsiku ~]# yum whatprovides lshw
lshw-B.02.12.01-1.el5.i386 : Hardware lister
Repo        : epel
Matched from:

[root@kurungsiku ~]# yum install lshw
Setting up Install Process
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package lshw.i386 0:B.02.12.01-1.el5 set to be updated
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

=============================================================================================================================================================
 Package                           Arch                              Version                                         Repository                         Size
=============================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 lshw                              i386                              B.02.12.01-1.el5                                epel                              1.2 M

Transaction Summary
=============================================================================================================================================================
Install       1 Package(s)
Upgrade       0 Package(s)

Total download size: 1.2 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
lshw-B.02.12.01-1.el5.i386.rpm                                                                                                        | 1.2 MB     00:06
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Finished Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
  Installing     : lshw                                                                                                                                  1/1

Installed:
  lshw.i386 0:B.02.12.01-1.el5

Complete!
[root@kurungsiku ~]#

untuk menggunakan lshw, cukup ketikkan :



# lshw
storage.intranet.kurungsiku.com
    description: Desktop Computer
    product: System Product Name
    vendor: System manufacturer
    version: System Version
    serial: System Serial Number
    width: 32 bits
    capabilities: smbios-2.5 dmi-2.5 smp-1.4 smp
    configuration: boot=normal chassis=desktop cpus=4 uuid=60AE5FAB-4C5A-DE11-9173-002618411C14
  *-core
       description: Motherboard
       product: P5KPL-SE
       vendor: ASUSTeK Computer INC.
       physical id: 0
       version: x.0x
       serial: MS1C97B04301519
       slot: To Be Filled By O.E.M.
     *-firmware
          description: BIOS
          vendor: American Megatrends Inc.
          physical id: 0
          version: 0505 (05/07/2009)
          size: 64KiB
          capacity: 960KiB
...